- (d. after 721)Wife of the Carolingian mayor of the palace Pippin II of Herstal (d. 714) and, after her husband's death, rival for control of the Frankish kingdom and the Merovingian king with Charles Martel (d. 741), who was Pippin's son by another woman. A member of an important noble family, Plectrude offered Pippin a good marriage alliance and sought to keep control of her power after her husband's death and promote her own heirs to the office of mayor.Plectrude was from an important noble family that had extensive domains in the area between the Rhine, Meuse, and Moselle rivers. Her father, Hugobert, was a powerful palace official whose connections and wealth made marriage to Plectrude an attractive proposition. Moreover, she had no brothers, only sisters, and was sure to inherit many of the vast estates of her family, thus making her an even more coveted bride. In 670, Pippin married Plectrude and increased his own power in the north and northwest of the Frankish kingdom as a result. She bore him two sons, Drogo (d. 708) and Grimoald (d. 714), whose marriages further enhanced their father's power. Pippin married the mother of Charles Martel while his first wife still lived, but Plectrude remained the favored and politically prominent wife. She continued by Pippin's side during the rest of his life, signed official documents as his wife, and supported various monasteries in the kingdom, especially Echternach, which was associated with her mother.Plectrude remained at her husband's side during his life, and she attempted to keep power after his death in 714. Both of her sons had predeceased their father, Grimoald having died only a few months before Pippin, and after her husband's death she promoted Grimoald's son Theodoald to the office of mayor of the palace to the Merovingian king Dagobert III (d. 715). She also took control of Pippin's treasure and imprisoned her stepson Charles Martel to secure Theodoald's position and prevent Charles from seizing power. Her efforts on her grandson's behalf were met with hostility by the part of the nobility opposed to Pippin and his family. According to a contemporary chronicler, Plectrude kept "Charles from the legitimate governance of his father's authority and she herself, with the infant, in a womanly plan, presumed to control the reins of so great a kingdom" (Fouracre 1996, 365). This hostile chronicler continues that because "she had decided to rule with feminine cunning more cruelly than was necessary, she quickly turned the wrath of the Neustrian Franks to the destruction of her grandson"(365). She faced a revolt that ended with Theodoald in flight and a new mayor, Ragamfred, elected in his stead. The new mayor later marched against her in Cologne and seized part of Pippin's legacy. Not only did she face opposition from outside the family, but her stepson, Charles, also rose against her, seized the rest of his father's wealth, and ultimately took control of the kingdom.See alsoCarolingian Dynasty; Charles Martel; Marriage; Merovingian Dynasty; Pippin II, Called Pippin of HerstalBibliography♦ Fouracre, Paul, and Richard A. Gerberding. Late Merovingian France: History and Hagiography, 640-720. Manchester, UK: University of Manchester Press, 1996.♦ Fouracre, Paul. The Age of Charles Martel. New York: Longman, 2000.♦ Riché, Pierre. The Carolingians: A Family Who Forged Europe. Trans. Michael Idomir Allen. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993.♦ Wallace-Hadrill, J. M., ed. and trans. The Fourth Book of the Chronicle of Fredegar with Its Continuations. London: Nelson, 1960.♦ Wemple, Suzanne. Women in Frankish Society: Marriage and the Cloister, 500-900. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1985.
Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe. 2014.
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Plectrude — ou Plectrudis (née vers 650 et morte après 717), fille de Hugobert, sénéchal de Clovis III, et probablement d Irmina d Oeren, fut une épouse de Pépin de Herstal, maire du palais d Austrasie. Elle était issue des … Wikipédia en Français
Plectrude — or Plectrudis (d.717) was the wife of Pepin of Herstal, the mayor of the palace and duke of the Franks, from about 670. She was the daughter of Hugobert, seneschal of Clovis IV, and Irmina d Oeren. She brought a large amount of property to the… … Wikipedia
Плектруда — Плектруда (? 717) мачеха Карла Мартелла, жена Пипина Геристальского франкского майордома, фактического короля франков, дочь графа дворца Гугоберта и, вероятно … Википедия
Hugobertides — Les Hugobertides sont les membres d’une famille de la noblesse franque issue de Hugobert. Elle possède des terres entre Trèves et Cologne. Les Hugobertides se sont alliés à plusieurs grandes familles austrasiennes : Pépinides, Agilolfinges… … Wikipédia en Français
Theodebald (maire du palais) — Théodebald (maire du palais) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Théodebald. Théodebald ou Théodald (v. 708 † 741 ?) est un fils illégitime de Grimoald II, et le maire des palais d Austrasie, de Neustrie et de Bourgogne de 714 à 717. Sommaire … Wikipédia en Français
Théodebald (maire du palais) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Théodebald. Théodebald ou Théodald (v. 708 † 741 ?) est un fils illégitime de Grimoald II, et le maire des palais d Austrasie, de Neustrie et de Bourgogne de 714 à 717. Sommaire 1 … Wikipédia en Français
Charles Martel — This article is about the Frankish Ruler. For other uses, see Charles Martel (disambiguation). Charles Martel, Frankish ruler Charles Martel is primarily famous fo … Wikipedia
Charles-Martel — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Martel. Tombe de Charles Martel dans la Basilique de Saint Denis … Wikipédia en Français
Charles Martel — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Martel. Charles Martel … Wikipédia en Français
Charles Martel — (d. 741) Son of Pippin II of Herstal and father of Pippin III the Short, Charles, later known as Martel (the Hammer), was an important Carolingian mayor of the palace, whose reign, after a difficult beginning, marked a significant step in the… … Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe